In Canada, there is no national education system. According to the Canadian Constitution, province as well as territorial governments regulate the educational systems and determine the curriculum.
Even though there are similarities between the educational systems of the different provinces and territories, each province / territory has its own curriculum that reflects the culture and history of the region.
Being a bilingual country, in Canada there are schools teaching in English and in French.
Canadian pre-university education system is divided into levels: primary and secondary.
The duration of compulsory education varies from one jurisdiction to another, most often, it lasts for 10 years and applies to children aged between 6 and 16. In some cases, compulsory education begins at age 5 and extends to age 18 or to graduation from secondary education.
In most provinces / territories, Primary lasts during the first 6 or 8 years of schooling.
The curriculum focuses on basic subjects such as English / French, mathematics, social studies, science, health and physical education and introductory arts. Some provinces / territories include the learning of the two languages.
Secondary education covers the last 4-6 years of compulsory education.
In the early years, students mainly study compulsory subjects, with few optional subjects. In the last years, the number of optional subjects increases, thereby enabling students to attend specialized courses and prepare for the labor market or for post-secondary education or university.
To receive the diploma, students must attend a certain number of mandatory and optional courses.